Fra utopie ed eterotopie: quale spazio per una ‘storia territorialista’ della montagna?
The paper presents the historical ecology approach as a necessary development of ‘territorial sciences’, in particular for the definition of a territorialist history of environmental resources applied to the possible re-colonisation of deserted ‘high lands’; this also in order to enhance the environmental safety of urban population living in the ‘low lands’, increasingly affected by instability due to the abandonment of past control and management systems of environmental resources, usually located at high altitude. Starting with the case study of the coastal mountains surrounding Genoa, where the increasing exposure to hydro-geological risks shows the poorness of the analytical instruments usually applied to study the biodiversification processes in mountain environments, the aim is to sharpen them, also in order to identify new policies for mountain areas and to strengthen the ‘resilience’ of local communities towards the national and European ones when in conflict with their ‘local project’. All such connexions are only identifiable at ht micro-historical scale, defined along the fruitful meeting of historical geography and social micro-history; which, by the way, calls into question the real consistency of categories currently employed in environmental and territorial planning, such as land use, environmental assets, local heritage, naturalisation and re-naturalisation.
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