Dalla macchina all’opera d’arte. Metafore del vivente nella biologia sperimentale ottocentesca

Annamaria Contini

Abstract


The paper reconstructs an emblematic case of the relationship between scientific models and metaphors, showing how it is just a metaphor to shape the new image of the life promoted by Claude Bernard in the context of nineteenth-century biology. In fact, the scientist chooses to map a field that is still little known (the processes of organic creation) by transferring properties and relations taken from the domain of the art. Using this heuristic fiction, Bernard can claim the originality of biological science and its independence from the physical and chemical sciences, without putting into question its deterministic system and its status as an experimental science.

Keywords


metaphor; scientific models; organic creation; Bernard; nineteenth-century biology

Full Text:

HTML PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13128/Aisthesis-15295



Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY- 4.0)

 
Firenze University Press
Via Cittadella, 7 - 50144 Firenze
Tel. (0039) 055 2757700 Fax (0039) 055 2757712
E-mail: info@fupress.com