Analysis of the autophagic flux in astrocytes intoxicated by trimethyltin

Cinzia Fabrizi, Elena Pompili, Francesca Somma, Stefania De Vito, Angela Catizone, Paola Lenzi, Federica Fulceri, Francesco Fornai, Lorenzo Fumagalli

Abstract


Autophagy is an intracellular degradation process that controls the quality of the cytoplasm by eliminating protein aggregates and damaged organelles. In addition to its vital homeostatic role, this degradation pathway is involved in various human disorders, including neurodegenerative diseases. Our previous data show that in hippocampal and cortical neurons the neurotoxic compound trimethyltin (TMT) activates the autophagic pathway (Fabrizi et al., 2012). Recently we extended our analysis to astrocytes, the main population of glia of the central nervous system. As already observed in neurons, in astrocytes autophagy is rapidly induced after TMT administration. LC3-II which is a distinctive marker of autophagy rapidly appeared in TMT-treated astrocytes but then it accumulates indicating a precocious block of the autophagic pathway. The inhibition of autophagy by 3-methyladenine at the level of the autophagosome formation partially rescues astrocytes from TMT-induced cell death. Interestingly, an impairment of autophagy was also observed by other authors following intoxication with arsenic and could represent a common feature of different environmental toxins.


Keywords


eutophagy; glia; environmental neurotoxins; LC3

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13128/IJAE-14833



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