Bacterial blight of cotton

Aïda JALLOUL, Majd SAYEGH, Antony CHAMPION, Michel NICOLE

Abstract


Bacterial blight of cotton (Gossypium ssp.), caused by Xanthomonas citri pathovar malvacearum, is a severe disease occurring in all cotton-growing areas. The interactions between host plants and the bacteria are based on the gene-for-gene concept, representing a complex resistance gene/avr gene system. In light of the recent data, this review focuses on the understanding of these interactions with emphasis on (1) the genetic basis for plant resistance and bacterial virulence, (2) physiological mechanisms involved in the hypersensitive response to the pathogen, including hormonal signaling, the oxylipin pathway, synthesis of antimicrobial molecules and alteration of host cell structures, and (3) control of the disease.


Keywords


R and avr genes; hypersensitive response; defense reactions; control

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14601/Phytopathol_Mediterr-14690



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