Occurrence and distribution of sugar beet viruses in Lebanon

Hassan Salah Hajj, Adib Saad, Elia Choueiri, Hiba Younis, Lucia Hanna, Salaheddine Issa


Field surveys were carried out in the main sugar beet growing areas of Lebanon to assess the occurrence
and distribution of viral diseases. A total of 1002 samples from 115 commercial fields were serologically assessed for
Beet Necrotic Yellow Vein Furovirus (BNYVV), Beet Yellows Closterovirus (BYV), Beet Mosaic Potyvirus (BtMV), Beet
Western Yellow Luteovirus (BWYV) and Cucumber Mosaic Cucumovirus (CMV). ELISA tests revealed that 39.5% of
samples were infected with one or more viruses. BtMV was the most common (56.5%), followed by BYV (29.5%),
BNYVV (17%) and BWYV (11%). Mixed infections were detected in 5.2% of the samples. CMV was not encountered.
Direct tissue printing of plants infected with BtMV, BYV and BWYV on a nitrocellulose membrane gave very strong
positive reactions.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14601/Phytopathol_Mediterr-1630

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