Identifying practices likely to have impacts on grapevine trunk disease infections: a European nursery survey
A questionnaire covering all aspects of grapevine propagation including cultural and sanitation practices in mother blocks and harvest and transport of cuttings from mother blocks to nurseries, nursery operations and field nursery management, was mailed to all Management Committee members of the European COST Action FA1303 “Sustainable Control of Grapevine Trunk Diseases” for distribution to the identifiable nurseries in each European country. The main objective was to develop understanding of the current propagation practices and to identify those likely to have the greatest impacts on the quality of planting material, especially with regard to the control measures used against fungal trunk pathogen infections. The questionnaire was sent to 666 vine nurseries, and 146 replies were received (21.9% response rate) The study identified several risks factors which could increase infection by fungal trunk pathogens during the propagation processes, as well as a clear need for further research into the effects of treatments on grapevine viability, including hot water treatment, and the potential of biological agents and other strategies such as ozonation to control grapevine trunk diseases in nurseries.
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