Sulle antiche teorie indiane della musica. Un problema a confronto con altre culture
Music is present in the Indian culture since the Vedas. Besides the Sāmaveda, we can find implicit or explicit references to musical elements in the Ṛgveda, in the Atharvaveda and in the Upaniṣads, which are often connected to significant numerical groupings (1). However, the application of mathematics to music is not evident in the Indian mathematical and musical works, except for the late Saṃgīta Ratnākara (2). Different is the situation in Chinese and Arabic traditions, where we find the mathematics extensively applied to musical instruments and notes (3). The paper ends with a reflection on the cultural differences and the relations between Pythagorism and India (4).