Deep renovation of the school building stock: the European opportunity and the Italian strategy

Paola Boarin, Pietromaria Davoli


The examination of the Italian and European legislative and regulatory framework, and the analysis of some relevant survey campaigns of the national school building stock show an alarming situation, as well as some missed opportunities. Despite the fact that operations promoted by the Government haven’t been effective so far, the European Union encourages deep retrofit interventions towards the standard 'Nearly Zero Energy Buildings'. This approach necessarily implies a systemic knowledge of the buildings, which can be achieved with different levels of detail, through preliminary energy audits, audits, and more detailed and multi-criteria Post-Occupancy Evaluations.


School buildings; retrofit; European Community and Italian policies; audit; Post-Occupancy Evaluation

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