Neotype designation and a diagnostic account for the centipede, Scolopendra gigantea L. 1758, with an account of S. galapagoensis Bollman 1889 (Chilopoda Scolopendromorpha Scolopendridae)

R.M. SHELLEY, S.B. KISER

Abstract


The oldest species-group name in the chilopod order Scolopendromorpha
and family Scolopendridae, Scolopendra gigantea Linnaeus 1758, is stabilized in
accordance with the current concept by designating a neotype specimen from
northern Venezuela. The species occurs in northern Colombia and Venezuela,
and on Trinidad, Isla Margarita, Curaçao, and Aruba; records from the US Virgin
Islands, Haiti, Mexico, and Honduras are deemed to represent accidental human
importations or labeling errors. Scolopendra galapagoensis Bollman 1889 occurs
in Cocos Island, the Galápagos Islands, and along the Pacific Coast of South
America and the western slope of the Andes from Ecuador to southern Peru.
Scolopendra gigantea weyrauchi Bücherl 1950 is placed in synonymy under S.
galapagoensis Bollman 1889.
KEY WORDS: Scolopendra gigantea, Scolopendra gigantea weyrauchi, Scolopendra
galapagoensis, centipede, Galápagos Islands.

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